singkatan dalam dunia pelayaran


    AA    -    Always Afloat
    AAAA    -    Always Afloat, Always Accessible
    AAOSA    -    Always Afloat Or Safe Aground
    AAR    -    Against All Risks
    AARA    -    Always Accessible or Reachable on Arrival
    AB    -    Able Seaman
    ABS    -    American Bureau of Shipping
    AC    -    Alternating Current (electricity)
    ACV    -    Air Cushion Vehicle
    AD    -    Area Differential
    ADF    -    Automatic Direction Finder
    AF    -    Anti-Fouling
    AFFF    -    Aqueous Film Forming Foam
    AFRA    -    Average Freight Rate Assessment
    AG    -    Arabian Gulf
    AGW    -    Actual Gross Weight
         -    All Going Well
    AHTS    -    Anchor Handling Tug and Supply Vessel
    AIS    -    Automatic Identification System
    ALERT    -    Automatic Life-saving Emergency Radio Transmitter
    ALRS    -    Admiralty List of Radio Signals
    AMSL    -    Above Mean Sea Level
    AMVER    -    Automated Mutual Assistance Vessel Rescue System
    AMWELSH    -    Americanised Welsh Coal Charter party
    ANERA    -    Asia-North America Eastbound Rate Agreement
    ANOP    -    Articles Not Otherwise Provided for
    ANSI    -    American National Standard Institute
    AO    -    Awaiting Orders
         -    And Other
    AOB    -    Any One Bottom
    AOH    -    After Office Hours
    AOLOC    -    Any One Location
    AOR    -    Atlantic Ocean Region
    AOS    -    Any One Steamer
    AOV    -    Any One Vessel
    AP    -    All Purposes
         -    Additional Premium
         -    Aft Perpendicular
    API    -    American Petroleum Institute
    APS    -    Arrival Pilot Station
    APT    -    Aft Peak Tank
    ARA    -    Antwerp – Rotterdam – Amsterdam
    ARPA    -    Automatic Radar Plotting Aid
    A/S    -    Alongside
    ASAP    -    As Soon As Possible
    ASBA    -    The Association of Shipbrokers and Agents (USA) Incorporated, New York
    ASCII    -    American Standard Code for Information Interchange
    ASPW    -    Any Safe Port in the World
    ASTM    -    American Society of Testing & Materials
    ATA    -    Actual Time of Arrival
    ATD    -    Actual Time of Departure
    ATDN    -    Any Time Day & Night
    ATDNSHINC    -    Anytime Day/Night Sundays & Holidays Included
    ATK    -    Aviation Turbine Kerosene
    ATS    -    All Time Saved
    ATSBE    -    All Time Saved Both Ends
    ATSDO    -    All Time Saved Discharging Only
    ATUTC    -    Actual Times Used To Count
    AUV    -    Autonomous Underwater Vehicle
    AVGAS    -    Aviation Gasoline
    AVR    -    Automatic Voltage Regulator
    AVTAG    -    Aviation Turbine Gasoline
    AWIWL    -    Always Within Institute Warranty Limits
    AWVNS    -    Always Within Vessel’s Natural Segregation
    AWRI    -    Additional War Risk Insurance


    BA    -    British Admiralty
    BAF    -    Bunker Adjustment Factor
    BB    -    Below Bridge
         -    Ballast Bonus
         -    Bare Boat
         -    Break Bulk/ Breaking Bulk
         -    Bulbous Bow
    BBB    -    Before Breaking Bulk
    BBC    -    Bare Boat Charter
    BC    -    Code of Safe Practice for Solid Bulk Cargoes
    BCH    -    Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk
    BCM    -    Bow to Centre of Manifold
    BCO    -    Beneficial Cargo Owner
    BD    -    Bar Draught
    BDC    -    Bottom Dead Centre
    BDI    -    Both Dates Inclusive
    B/E    -    Break-Even
    BENDS    -    Both Ends
    BFI    -    Baltic Freight Index
    BHP    -    Brake Horse Power
    BI    -    Both Inclusive
    BIC    -    Bureau International des Containers (International Container Bureau)
    BIFFEX    -    Baltic International Freight Futures Index
    BIMCO    -    The Baltic and International Maritime Council
    BKR    -    Bulgarski Koraben Registar (Bulgarian Register of Shipping)
    B/L    -    Bill of Lading
    BLU    -    Code of Practice for the Safe Loading and Unloading of Bulk Carriers
    BN    -    Booking Note
    BOA    -    Berthing On Arrival
    BOB    -    Bunkers On Board
         -    Balance On Board
    BOD    -    Bunkers On Delivery
    BOFFERS    -    Best Offers
    BOL    -    Bill Of Lading
    BOP    -    Blow-out Preventer
    BOR    -    Bunkers On Redelivery
    B/P    -    Bills Payable
    B/R    -    Bills Receivable
    BROB    -    Bunkers Remaining On Board
    BS    -    Bunker Surcharge
    BSC    -    British Shippers’ Council
    BSI    -    British Standards Institution
    BST    -    British Standard Time
         -    British Summer Time
    BT    -    Berth Terms
    BV    -    Bureau Veritas
    BW    -    Brackish Water
         -    Ballast Water
    BWAD    -    Brackish Water Arrival Draught
    BWDD    -    Brackish Water Departure Draught
    BWT    -    Ballast Water Tank


    CABAF    -    Currency And Bunker Adjustment Factor
    CAF    -    Currency Adjustment Factor
    CBFT    -    Cubic Feet
    CBM    -    Cubic Metres
         -    Conventional Buoy Mooring
    CBR    -    Commodity Box Rate
    CBS    -    Cyprus Bureau of Shipping
    CBT    -    Clean Ballast Tank
    CC    -    Cubic Capacity
         -    Cubic Centimetres
         -    Continuation Clause
    CCG    -    Canadian Coast Guard
    CCS    -    China Classification Society
    CD    -    Customary Despatch
    C/E    -    Chief Engineer
    CENSA    -    Council of European and Japanese National Shipowners Association
    CES    -    Coast Earth Station
    CFM    -    Container Flow Management
    CFR    -    Cost and Freight
    CFS    -    Container Freight Station
    CFT    -    Cubic Feet
    CG    -    Centre of Gravity
    CGA    -    Cargo’s proportion of General Average
    CHABE    -    Charterer’s Agents Both Ends
    CHOPT    -    Charterer’s Option
    CIF    -    Cost, Insurance & Freight
    CIF&E    -    Cost, Insurance, Freight & Exchange
    CIF&I    -    Cost, Insurance, Freight & Interest
    CIFC    -    Cost, Insurance, Freight and Commission
    CIFC&I    -    Cost, Insurance, Freight, Commission & Interest
    CIM    -    Convention Internationale Concernant le Transport des Marchandises par Chemin de Fer
    CIP    -    Carriage and Insurance Paid to
         -    Calling In Port
    CIQ    -    Customs Immigration Quarantine
    CIT    -    Chartered Institute of Transport
    CLP    -    Container Load Plan
    CMI    -    Comité Maritime International
    CMR    -    Convention Marchandise Routiers
    C/N    -    Consignment Note
         -    Cover Note
         -    Credit Note
    C/O    -    Chief Officer
         -    Care Of
    CLC    -    Civil Liability Convention of 1969
    COA    -    Contract Of Affreightment
    COACP    -    Contract Of Affreightment Charter Party
    COB    -    Close Of Business
    COC    -    Certificate Of Competency
         -    Carrier Owned Container
    COD    -    Cash On Delivery
    COF    -    Certificate Of Fitness
    COFC    -    Container On Flat Car
    COGS    -    Carriage of Goods by Sea
    COGSA    -    Carriage of Goods by Sea Act
    COMBIDOC    -    Combined Transport Document
    COP    -    Customs Of the Port
    COT    -    Cargo Oil Tank
    COW    -    Crude Oil Washing
    C/P    -    Charter Party
    CPD    -    Charterers Pay Dues
    CPP    -    Clean Petroleum Products
         -    Controllable Pitch Propeller
    CPT    -    Carriage Paid To
    CQD    -    Customary Quick Despatch
    CR    -    China Corporation Register of Shipping
    CROB    -    Cargo Remaining On Board
    CRS    -    Croatian Register of Shipping
    CSC    -    International Convention for Safe Containers
    CSM    -    Container Slot Management
    CSO    -    Company Security Officer
    CSR    -    Chech and Slovak Ship’s and Industrial Register
         -    Continuous Service Rate
    CST    -    Central Standard Time
         -    Centistoke
    CT    -    Conference Terms
    CTL    -    Constructive Total Loss
    CTO    -    Combined Transport Operator
    CUFT    -    Cubic Feet
    CVs    -    Consecutive Voyages
    CY    -    Container Yard


    DA    -    Discharge Afloat
    DAP    -    Days All Purposes
    DAS    -    Docking Aid System
    DB    -    Double Bottom
    DBT    -    Double Bottom Tank
    DC    -    Direct Current
    D/D    -    Days After Date
         -    Delivered At Docks
    DD    -    Daily Discharge
         -    Dry Docking
    DDC    -    Destination Delivery Charge
    DDP    -    Delivery Duty Paid
    DDU    -    Delivery Duty Unpaid
    DEL    -    Delivery
    DEM    -    Demurrage
    DEQ    -    Delivered Ex Quay
    DES    -    Delivered Ex Ship
    DESP    -    Despatch
    DG    -    Dangerous Goods
    DGN    -    Dangerous Goods Note
    DGPS    -    Differential Global Positioning System
    DHD    -    Demurrage Half Despatch
    DHDATSBE    -    Demurrage Half Despatch on All Time Saved Both Ends
    DHDWTSBE    -    Demurrage Half Despatch on Working Time Saved Both Ends
    DIC    -    Delivered In Charge
    DISPORT    -    Discharge Port
    DIST    -    Distance
    DKVN    -    Vietnam Register of Shipping
    DLOSP    -    Dropping Last Outward Sea Pilot
    DNV    -    Det Norske Veritas (Norwegian Classification Society)
    DO    -    Diesel Oil
    DOC    -    Document Of Compliance
    DOP    -    Dropping Outward Pilot
    DOSP    -    Dropping Outward Sea Pilot
    DP    -    Dynamic Positioning
    DPP    -    Dirty Petroleum Products
    DR    -    Dead Reckoning
    DRC    -    Daily Running Cost
    DSC    -    Digital Selective Calling
    DSHA    -    Dangerous Substance in Harbour Area (Regulations)
    DT    -    Deep Tank
    DWAT    -    Deadweight All Told
    DWCC    -    Deadweight Cargo Capacity
    DWCT    -    Deadweight Cargo Tonnage
    DWT    -    Deadweight


    EASC    -    European Air Shippers’ Council
    EC    -    East Coast
    ECDIS    -    Electronic Chart Display and Information System
    ECS    -    Electronic Charting System
    ECSA    -    East Coast South America
    ECSI    -    Export Cargo Shipping Instructions
    ECTU    -    European Council of Transport Users
    EDH    -    Efficient Deck Hand
    EDI    -    Electronic Data Interchange
    EDIFACT    -    Electronic Data Interchange For Administration, Commerce and Transport
    EDP    -    Early Departure Procedure
    EEBD    -    Emergency Escape Breathing Device
    EHC    -    Equipment Handover Charge
    EHP    -    Effective Horse Power
    EITC    -    European Inland Transport Council
    EIU    -    Even If Used
    ELSA    -    Emergency Life Saving Apparatus
    EMF    -    Electromotive Force
    ENC    -    Electronic Navigation Chart
    EOP    -    End Of Passage
    EOSP    -    End Of Sea Passage
    EPIRB    -    Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon
    ER    -    Engine Room
    ESC    -    European Shippers’ Councils
    ESD    -    Emergency Shut Down
    ESPO    -    European Sea Ports Organisation
    ETA    -    Expected Time of Arrival
    ETB    -    Expected Time of Berthing
    ETC    -    Expected Time of Completion
    ETCD    -    Expected Time of Completion & Departure
    ETD    -    Expected Time of Departure
    ETR    -    Expected Time of Readiness
    ETS    -    Expected Time of Sailing
    EXW    -    Ex Works


    FA    -    Free Alongside
    FAA    -    Free of All Average
    FAC    -    Fast As Can
         -    Forwarding Agent’s Commission
    FACCOP    -    Fast As Can, Custom Of Port
    FAF    -    Fuel Adjustment Factor
    FAK    -    Freight All Kinds
    FAOP    -    Full Ahead On Passage
    FAQ    -    Fair Average Quality
    FAS    -    Free Alongside Ship
    FBL    -    FIATA Bill of Lading
    F&CC    -    Full And Complete Cargo
    FC    -    Free of Capture
    FCA    -    Free Carrier
    FCL    -    Full Container Load
    FCAR    -    Free of Claim for Accident Reported
    FCR    -    Forwarder’s Certificate of Receipt
    FCS    -    Free of Capture and Seizure
    FCT    -    Forwarder’s Certificate of Transport
    F&D    -    Freight & Demurrage
    FD    -    Free Discharge
         -    Free Despatch
         -    Forced Draught
    FD&D    -    Freight Demurrage And Defence
    FDD    -    Freight Demurrage Deadfreight
    FEFC    -    Far East Freight Conference
    FEMAS    -    Federation of European Maritime Associations of Surveyors and Consultants
    FERIT    -    Far East Regional Investigation Team
    FEU    -    Forty-foot Equivalent Unit
    FFA    -    Free From Alongside
         -    Fire Fighting Appliances
    FFI    -    (FIATA) Forwarding Instructions
    FGA    -    Free of General Average
    FHEX    -    Fridays and Holidays Excluded
    FHINC    -    Fridays and Holidays Included
    FI    -    Free In
    FIATA    -    International Federation of Forwarding Agents Associations
    FIB    -    Free Into Barge
         -    Free Into Bunker
    FILO    -    First In Last Out
         -    Free In Liner Out
    FILTD    -    Free In Liner Terms Discharge
    FIO    -    Free In and Out
    FIOLS    -    Free In and Out, Lashed, Secured
    FIOLS&D    -    Free In and Out, Lashed, Secured and Dunnaged
    FIOS    -    Free In and Out Stowed
    FIOST    -    Free In and Out Stowed and Trimmed
    FIOT    -    Free In and Out Trimmed
    FIT    -    Free In Truck
         -    Free In Trimmed
    FIW    -    Free In Wagon
    FLT    -    Fork Lift Truck
         -    Full Liner Terms
    FMC    -    Federal Maritime Commission
    FMS    -    Fathoms
    FO    -    Fuel Oil
         -    Firm Offer
         -    For Orders
         -    Free Out
         -    Free Overside
    FOB    -    Free On Board
    FOB’S    -    Free On Board Charges
    FOC    -    Free On Car
         -    Flag Of Convenience
    FOD    -    Free on Damage
    FONASBA    -    The Federation of National Associations of Shipbrokers and Agents
    FOQ    -    Free On Quay
    FOR    -    Free On Rail
    FOS    -    Fuel Oil Surcharge
    FOT    -    Free On Truck
         -    Fuel Oil Tank
    FOW    -    Free On Wharf
         -    Free On Wagon
         -    First Open Water
    FPA    -    Free Of Particular Average
    FPDSO    -    Floating Production, Drilling, Storage and Offloading
    FPSO    -    Floating Production, Storage and Offloading
    FPT    -    Fore Peak Tank
    FROF    -    Fire Risk On Freight
    FRP    -    Fibreglass Reinforced Plastic
    FRT    -    Freight
    FSO    -    Floating Storage & Offloading
    FSU    -    Floating Storage Unit
    FTW    -    Free Trade Wharf
    FW    -    Fresh Water
    FWA    -    Fresh Water Allowance
    FWAD    -    Fresh Water Arrival Draught
    FWDD    -    Fresh Water Departure Draught
    FWE    -    Finished With Engine
    FYG    -    For Your Guidance
    FYI    -    For Your Information
    FYT    -    Follow Your Telex


    GA    -    General Arrangement
         -    General Average
    GATT    -    General Agreement on Tariff and Trade
    G/B    -    Grain/Bales
    G-H    -    Gibraltar-Hamburg
    GL    -    Germanischer Lloyd (German Classification Society)
    GLONASS    -    Global Navigation Satellite System
    GMDSS    -    Global Maritime Distress and Safety System
    GMT    -    Greenwich Meridian Time
    GNS    -    German North Sea
    GO    -    Gas Oil
    GOC    -    General Operator Certificate
    GP    -    General Purpose
    GPS    -    Global Positioning System
    GPU    -    Generator Protection Unit
    GRI    -    General Rate Increase
    GRT    -    Gross Registered Tonnage
    GT    -    Greenwich Time
         -    Gross Tonnage
    GW    -    Gale Warning
         -    Gross Weight


    HA    -    Hatch
    HAT    -    Highest Astronomical Tide
    HBF    -    Harmless Bulk Fertiliser
    HD    -    Half Despatch
    HDLTSBENDS    -    Half Despatch Lay Time Saved Both Ends
    HFO    -    Heavy Fuel Oil
    H-H    -    Harve-Hamburg
    HHDW    -    Heavy Handy Deadweight
    HHDWS    -    Heavy Handy Deadweight Scrap
    HHW    -    Higher High Water
    HHWI    -    Higher High Water Interval
    HHWL    -    Highest High Water Level
    HLA    -    Heavy Lift Additional
    HLW    -    Higher Low Water
    HLWI    -    Higher Low Water Interval
    HMB    -    Heavy Motor Blocks
    HMS    -    Heavy Metal Scraps
         -    Her Majesty’s Ships
    HO    -    Holds
    HP    -    Horse Power
    HR    -    Hellenic Register of Shipping
    HSC    -    International Code for Safety of High Speed Craft
    HSD    -    High Speed Diesel
    HSS    -    Heavy Grains, Soyabeans and Sorghums
    HTS    -    High Tensile Steel
    HW    -    High Water
    HWI    -    High Water Interval
    HWLI    -    High Water Lunitidal Interval
    HWM    -    High Water Mark
    HWN    -    High Water Neaps
    HWONT    -    High Water Ordinary Neap Tide
    HWOST    -    High Water Ordinary Spring Tide
    HWS    -    High Water Spring
    HWT    -    High Water Time

    IACS    -    International Association of Classification Societies
    IAF    -    Inflation Adjustment Factor
    IALA    -    International Association of Lighthouse Authorities
    IAPH    -    International Association of Ports and Harbours
    IAPP    -    International Air Pollution Prevention
    IBC    -    International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk
    IBIA    -    International Bunker Industry Association Ltd
    IBS    -    Isthmus Bureau of Shipping
    ICC    -    International Chamber of Commerce
         -    Institute Cargo Clauses
    ICS    -    International Chamber of Shipping
    ICS    -    Institute of Chartered Shipbrokers
    IDL    -    International Date Line
    IFF    -    Institute of Freight Forwarders
    IFO    -    Intermediate Fuel Oil
    IFP    -    Interim Fuel Participation factor
    IGC    -    International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk
    IGS    -    Inert Gas System
    IHO    -    International Hydrographic Organisation
    IHP    -    Indicated Horse Power
    ILOHC    -    In Lieu Of Hold Cleaning
    IMB    -    International Maritime Bureau
    IMDG    -    International Maritime Dangerous Goods code
    IMO    -    International Maritime Organisation
    IMOSAR    -    IMO Search and Rescue manual
    IMPA    -    International Marine Purchasing Association
    INF    -    International Code for the Safe Carriage of Packaged Irradiated Nuclear Fuel, Plutonium and High-Level Radioactive Wastes on Board Ships
    INMARSAT    -    International Maritime Satellite Organisation
    INTERTANKO    -    International Association of Independent Tanker Owners
    IOPP    -    International Oil Pollution Prevention
    IOR    -    Indian Ocean Region
    IP    -    Institute of Petroleum
    IRO    -    In Respect Of
    IRS    -    Indian Register of Shipping
    ISDN    -    Integrated Services Digital Network
    ISF    -    International Shipping Federation
    ISGOTT    -    International Safety Guide for Oil Tankers and Terminals
    ISM    -    International Safety Management code
    ISMA    -    International Ship Managers Association
    ISO    -    International Organisation for Standardisation
    ISPP    -    International Sewage Pollution Prevention
    ISPS    -    International Ship and Port Facility Security Code
    ITF    -    International Transport Workers’ Federation
    ITIC    -    International Transport Intermediaries’ Club
    IU    -    If Used
    IUHTAUTC    -    If Used, Half Time Actually To Count
    IUMI    -    International Union of Marine Insurance
    IWL    -    Institute Warranty Limits
    IWO    -    In Way Of

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    J & WO    -    Jettison & Wash Overboard
    JIT    -    Just In T

    KD    -    Knocked Down
    KR    -    Korean Register of Shipping
    KT    -    Kiloton
    KTS    -    Knots
    KVA    -    Kilovolt-Ampere
    KW    -    Kilowatt


    LASH    -    Lighter Aboard Ship
    LAT    -    Latitude
         -    Lowest Astronomical Tide
    LAY/CAN    -    Laydays/Cancelling
    LBP    -    Length Between Perpendiculars
    LCL    -    Less than Container Load
         -    Loose Container Load
    L/D    -    Loading/Discharging
    LCF    -    Longitudinal Centre of Flotation
    LDD    -    Loaded
    LDF    -    Light Distillate Feedstock
    LDG/UNLDG    -    Loading/Unloading
    LDPT    -    Load Port
    LES    -    Land Earth Station
    LFL    -    Lower Flammable Limit
    LHW    -    Low High Water
    LHWI    -    Low High Water Interval
    LIFO    -    Liner In Free Out
    LISCR    -    Liberian International Ship & Corporate Registry
    LLA    -    Long Length Additional
    LLW    -    Lower Low Water
    LLWI    -    Lower Low Water Interval
    LLWL    -    Lowest Low Water Level
    LM    -    Lane Metre
    LMSS    -    Land Mobile Satellite Service
    LNG    -    Liquefied Natural Gas
    LO    -    Lubricating Oil
    LO/LO    -    Lift On/Lift Off
    LOA    -    Length Overall
    LOF    -    Lloyd’s Open Form
    LOI    -    Letter Of Indemnity
    LOP    -    Line Of Position
    LPG    -    Liquefied Petroleum Gas
    LR    -    Lloyd’s Register of Shipping
    LS    -    Lump Sum
    LSA    -    Life Saving Appliances
    LS&D    -    Landing, Storage and Delivery Charge
    LT    -    Local Time
         -    Long Ton
         -    Liner Terms
         -    Lumber Tropical (loadline)
    LTF    -    Lumber Tropical Fresh water (loadline)
    LW    -    Lumber Winter (loadline)
    LWL    -    Load Water Line
         -    Low Water Level
    LWNA    -    Lumber Winter North Atlantic load line
    LWONT    -    Low Water Ordinary Neap Tide
    LWOST    -    Low Water Ordinary Spring Ti


    MARPOL    -    International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships
    MBL    -    Minimum Breaking Load
    MCA    -    Maritime and Coastguard Agency
    MCO    -    Maximum Continuous Output
    MCR    -    Maximum Continuous Rating
    MDO    -    Marine Diesel Oil
    MED    -    Mediterranean
    MEES    -    Middle East Emergency Surcharge
    MEPC    -    Maritime Environment Protection Committee
    MERSAR    -    Merchant Ship Search and Rescue manual
    MES    -    Mobile Earth Station
    MFO    -    Marine Fuel Oil
    MGO    -    Marine Gas Oil
    MGW    -    Maximum Gross Weight
    MHHW    -    Mean Higher High Water
    MHHWS    -    Mean Higher High Water Spring
    MHLW    -    Mean Higher Low Water
    MHW    -    Mean High Water
    MHWI    -    Mean High Water Interval
    MHWN    -    Mean High Water Neaps
    MHWS    -    Mean High Water Springs
    MLB    -    Mini Land Bridge
    MLD    -    Moulded
    MLHW    -    Mean Lower High Water
    MLLW    -    Mean Lower Low Water
    MLLWS    -    Mean Lower Low Water Spring
    MLW    -    Mean Low Water
    MLWI    -    Mean Low Water lunitidal Interval
    MLWN    -    Mean Low Water Neaps
    MLWS    -    Mean Low Water Springs
    MID    -    Maritime Identification Digits
    MMSS    -    Maritime Mobile Satellite Service
    MOB    -    Man Over Board
    MODU    -    Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit
    MOL    -    More Or Less
    MOLCO    -    More Or Less Charterer’s Option
    MOLOO    -    More Or Less Owner’s Option
    MOT    -    Ministry Of Transport
    M/R    -    Mate’s Receipt
    MS    -    Motor Ship
    MSA    -    Marine Safety Agency
         -    Merchant Shipping Act
    MSB    -    Main Switch Board
    MSC    -    Maritime Safety Committee
    MSG    -    Message
    MSI    -    Maritime Safety Information
    MSL    -    Mean Sea Level
    M/T    -    Motor Tanker
    MT    -    Motor Tanker
         -    Metric Ton
         -    Empty
    MTBE    -    Metyl Tertiary Butyl Ether
    MTC    -    Moment to change Trim per Centimetre
    MTD    -    Multimodal Transport Document
    MTL    -    Mean Tide Level
    MTO    -    Multimodal Transport Operator
    M/V    -    Motor Vessel
    MV    -    Motor Vessel


    NAABSA    -    Not Always Afloat But Safely Aground
    NCAD    -    Notice of Cancellation at Anniversary Date
    NCSA    -    North Coast South America
    NCV    -    No Commercial Value
    NDT    -    Non-Destructive Testing
    NEOBIG    -    Not East Of But Including Greece
    NEP/S    -    Not Elsewhere Provided/Stated
    NIMA    -    National Imagery and Mapping Agency
    NKK    -    Nippon Kaiji Kyokai (Japanese Classification Society)
    NLS    -    Noxious Liquid Substances
    NMEA    -    National Marine Electronics Association
    NOAA    -    The United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
    NOE    -    Notice of Exception
         -    Not Otherwise Enumerated
    NOP    -    Not Otherwise Provided
    NOR    -    Notice Of Readiness
    NORA    -    Notice Of Readiness Accepted
    NORT    -    Notice Of Readiness Tendered
    NOS    -    Not Otherwise Specified
    NPA    -    National Petroleum Association
    NR    -    No Risk
    NRAD    -    No Risk After Discharge
    NRT    -    Net Registered Tonnage
    NS    -    Nuclear Ship
    NSA    -    Non-Separation Agreement
    NSPF    -    Not Specially Provided For
    N/T    -    New Terms
    NT    -    Net Tonnage
    NTM    -    Notice to Mariners
    NUC    -    Not Under Command
    NVO    -    Non-Vessel Operating
    NVOC    -    Non-Vessel Owning Carrier
    NVOCC    -    Non-Vessel Owning Common Carrier
    NWE    -    North West Europe
    NYPE    -    New York Produce Exchange form


    P&I    -    Protection And Indemnity
    PANDI    -    Protection And Indemnity
    P/CGO    -    Part Cargo
    PCC    -    Pure Car Carrier
    PCNT    -    Panama Canal Nett Tonnage
    PCT    -    Percent
    PDM    -    Physical Distribution Management
    PDPR    -    Per Day Pro Rata
    PEL    -    Permissible Exposure Limit
    PER/DRF    -    Permissible Draught
    PF    -    Power Factor
    PFSO    -    Port Facility Security Officer
    PG    -    Persian Gulf
    PGF    -    Poincaré Gold Franc
    PHPD    -    Per Hatch Per Day
    PIC    -    Person In Charge
    PL    -    Protective Location
    PLTC’S    -    Port Liner Term Charges
    PMQS    -    Provided Minimum Quantity Supplied
    PMS    -    Plan Maintenance System
    POB    -    Pilot On Board
    POR    -    Pacific Ocean Region
    PP    -    Picked Port(s)
         -    Posted Price
         -    Pre-Paid
    PPE    -    Personal Protection Equipment
    PPM    -    Parts Per Million
    PPS    -    Precise Positioning System
    PPT    -    Prompt Ship
    PRS    -    Polski Rejestr Statkow (Polish Register of Shipping)
    PSC    -    Port State Control
    PSF    -    Pounds per Square Foot
    PSI    -    Pounds per Square Inch
    PSR    -    Panama Shipping Register
    PT    -    Private Terms
    PV    -    Pressure Vacuum (valve)
    PWWD    -    Per Weather Working Day

    QM    -    Quarter Master
    QS    -    Quarantine Station


    RCC    -    Rescue Coordination Centre
    RCDS    -    Raster Chart Display System
    RDC    -    Run Down Clause
    RDF    -    Radio Direction Finder
    REC    -    Spain’s Special Register of Vessels of the Canary Islands
    RECD    -    Received
    RED    -    Rate, Extras, Demurrage
    REDELY    -    Redelivery
    RF    -    Range Finder
         -    Radio Frequency
    RH    -    Relative Humidity
         -    Right Hand
    RINA    -    Registro Italiano Navale (Italian Classification Society)
         -    Royal Institute of Naval Architects
    RINAV    -    Registro Internacional Naval SARL (Portuguese)
    RLS    -    Royal Lifeboat Society
    RMS    -    Root Mean Square
         -    Royal Mail Service
    RNR    -    Registrul Naval Roman (Romanian Register of Shipping)
         -    Rate Not Reported
    ROB    -    Remaining On Board
    ROC    -    Restricted Operator Certificate
         -    Reference Our Cable
    RORO    -    Roll On/Roll Off
    ROT    -    Reference Our Telex
    ROV    -    Remotely Operated Vehicle
    RPC    -    Remote Position Control
    RPF    -    Radio Position Finding
    RPM    -    Revolution Per Minute
    RPS    -    Revolution Per Second
    RPT    -    Repeat
    RS    -    Russian Maritime Register of Shipping
         -    Radio Station
    R/T    -    Revenue Ton
    RT    -    Radio Telephone
    RTN    -    Return
    RTW    -    Round The World
    R/V    -    Round Voyage
    RVP    -    Reid Vapour Pressure
    RVT    -    Revert
    RVTG    -    Reverting
    RX    -    Receiver
    RYC    -    Reference Your Cable
    RYT    -    Reference Your Telex


    S&P    -    Sale & Purchase
    SAFCON    -    Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate
    SANR    -    Subject to Approval, No Risk
    SAR    -    Search And Rescue
    SARSAT    -    Search And Rescue Satellite System
    SART    -    Search And Rescue Radar Transponder
    SATCOM    -    Satellite Communications
    SB    -    Safe Berth
    SBM    -    Single Buoy Mooring
    SBS    -    Surveyed Before Shipment
    SBT    -    Segregated Ballast Tank
    SC    -    Salvage Charges
         -    Short Circuit
    SCNT    -    Suez Canal Nett Tonnage
    SD    -    Sailing Date
         -    Short Delivery
         -    Standard Design
         -    Single Decker
    SDR    -    Special Drawing Rights
    SF    -    Safety Factor
         -    Stowage Factor
         -    Shear Force
    SG    -    Specific Gravity
    SHEX    -    Sundays, Holidays Excluded
    SHINC    -    Sundays, Holidays Included
    SHP    -    Shaft Horse Power
    SIGTTO    -    Society of International Gas Tanker and Terminal Operators
    SLA    -    Single Line Approach
    SMC    -    Safety Management Certificate
    SMS    -    Safety Management System
    S/N    -    Shipping Note
    SNST    -    Soonest
    S/O    -    Shipping Order
    SOC    -    Shipper Owned Carrier
    SOF    -    Statement Of Facts
    SOFAR    -    Sound Fixing And Ranging
    SOL    -    Shipowner’s Liability
    SOLAS    -    The International Convention for the Safety Of Life At Sea
    SONAR    -    Sound Operation Navigation And Range
    SOPEP    -    Ship and Shore Oil Pollution Emergency Plan
    SP    -    Safe Port
    SPC    -    Self-Polishing Copolymers
    SPD    -    Steamer Pays Dues
    SPM    -    Single Point Mooring
    SRL    -    Ship Repairer’s Liability
    SS    -    Special Survey
         -    Steam Ship
    SSB    -    Single Side Band
    SSHEX    -    Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays Excluded
    SSHINC    -    Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays Included
    SSN    -    Standard Shipping Note
    SSO    -    Ship Security Officer
    SSW    -    Summer Salt Water
    ST    -    Short Ton
         -    Standard Time
    STBY    -    Standby
    STC    -    Said To Contain
    STCW    -    Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping (convention)
    STD    -    Standard
    STEL    -    Short Term Exposure Limit
    STL    -    Submerged Turret Loading
    SWAD    -    Salt Water Arrival Draught
    SWASH    -    Small Waterplane Area Single Hull
    SWATH    -    Small Waterplane Area Twin Hull
    SWBM    -    Still Water Bending Moment
    SWDD    -    Salt Water Departure Draught
    SWL    -    Safe Working Load


    T&P    -    Theft & Pilferage
    T&S    -    Touch & Stay
    TBA    -    To Be Advised
         -    To Be Agreed
         -    To Be Announced
         -    Tertiary Butyl Alcohol
    TBN    -    To Be Named
         -    To Be Nominated
         -    Total Base Number
    TBO    -    Time Between Overhauls
    TBS    -    Talk Between Ships
    T/C    -    Time Charter
    TC    -    Time Charter
         -    Till Countermanded
         -    Time Closing
         -    Temperature Coefficient
    TCE    -    Time Charter Equivalent
    TCP    -    Time Charter Party
    TCT    -    Time Charter Trip
    TD    -    Tween Deck
         -    Temporarily Discontinued
    TDC    -    Top Dead Centre
    TDW    -    Total Deadweight
         -    Tonnes Deadweight
    TDWAT    -    Total Deadweight All Told
         -    Tonnage Deadweight All Told
    TE    -    Temporarily Extinguished
    TEU    -    Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit
    TF    -    Tropical Freshwater (loadline)
    T&G    -    Tongued & Grooved (timber)
    THC    -    Terminal Handling Charges
    TIP    -    Taking Inward Pilot
    TL    -    Total Load
         -    Total Loss
    TLO    -    Total Loss Only
    TLX    -    Telex
    TM    -    Technical Manual
    T/O    -    Transfer Order
    TOFC    -    Trailer on Flat Car
    TOP    -    Taking Outbound Pilot
    TOTOCOM    -    Total Commission
    TOVALOP    -    Tanker Owners’ Voluntary Agreement Concerning Liability for Oil Pollution
    TPC    -    Tons Per Centimetre (immersion)
    TPD    -    Tons Per Day
    TPI    -    Tons Per Inch
    TPT    -    Transport
    TR    -    Ton Registered
    TRND    -    To Be Renamed
    TS    -    Thunderstorm
         -    Tropical Storm
    TSA    -    Transpacific Stabilisation Agreement
    TSCF    -    Tanker Structure Co-operative Forum
    TST    -    Topside Tank
    TT    -    Turbine Tanker
         -    Transit Time
    T/T    -    Telegraphic Transfer
    TVP    -    True Vapour Pressure
    TW    -    Typhoon Warning
    TWA    -    Time Weighted Average
    TWRA    -    Transpacific West-bound Rate Agreement


    UBC    -    Universal Bulk Carrier
    UCAE    -    Unforeseen Circumstances Always Expected
    UCT    -    Universal Co-ordinated Time
    UFL    -    Upper Flammable Limit
    UHF    -    Ultra High Frequency
    UKC    -    UK – Continent
         -    Under Keel Clearance
    ULCC    -    Ultra Large Crude Carrier
    ULCS    -    Ultra Large Containership
    UMS    -    Unmanned Machinery Space
    UNCTAD    -    United Nation’s Conference On Trade And Development
    USAC    -    United States Atlantic Coast
    USC    -    Unless Sooner Commenced
    USCG    -    United States Coast Guard
    USEC    -    United States East Coast
    USG    -    United States Gulf
    USNH    -    United States North of Cape Hatteras
    USSH    -    United States South of Cape Hatteras
    USWC    -    United States West Coast
    UT    -    Universal Time
    UU    -    Unless Used
    UUIWCTAUTC    -    Unless Used In Which Case Time Actually Used To Count

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    VA    -    Volt-Ampere
    VATOS    -    Valid At Time Of Sale
    V/C    -    Voyage Charter
         -    Vehicle Container
    VDR    -    Voyage Data Recorder
    VEC    -    Vapour Emission Control
    VHF    -    Very High Frequency
    VIOS    -    Vessel Insurance and Operations Surcharge
    VLCC    -    Very Large Crude Carrier
    VLF    -    Very Low Frequency
    VOCC    -    Vessel Operating Common Carrier
    VOP    -    Value as in Original Policy
    VOY    -    Voyage
    VPD    -    Vessel Pays Dues
    VSL    -    Vessel


    W    -    Winter (loadline)
         -    West
    WA    -    With Average
    W/B    -    Waybill
    WBA    -    When Berth Available
    WBT    -    Water Ballast Tank
    WCCON    -    Whether Cleared Customs Or Not
    WCSA    -    West Coast South America
    WD    -    Wind Direction
    WECM    -    Warranted Existing Class Maintained
    WEF    -    With Effect From
    WFA    -    With Following Alterations
    WI    -    West Indies
    WIBON    -    Whether In Berth Or Not
    WICCON    -    Whether In Customs Clearance Or Not
    WIFPON    -    Whether In Free Pratique Or Not
    WIG    -    Wing-In-Ground (effect craft)
    WIPON    -    Whether In Port Or Not
    WL    -    Water Line
    WLOH    -    Within Local Office Hours
    WLTOHC    -    Waterline To Hatch Coaming
    W/M    -    Weight or Measurement
    W&M    -    War & Marine
    WMO    -    World Meteorological Organisation
    WNA    -    Winter North Atlantic (loadline)
    WOG    -    Without Guidance
         -    Without Guarantee
    WP    -    Weather Permitting
    W/P    -    Without Prejudice
    WPA    -    With Particular Average
    WRIC    -    Wire Rods In Coils
    WRO    -    War Risk Only
    WS    -    World Scale
    WT    -    Wing Tank
         -    Watertight
         -    War Time
    WTS    -    Working Time Saved
    WTSBE    -    Working Time Saved Both Ends
    WVNS    -    Within Vessel’s Natural Segregation
    WWD    -    Weather Working Days
    WWDSHEX    -    Weather Working Days, Sundays and Holidays Excepted
    WWR    -    When Where Ready
    WWRCD    -    When Where Ready on Completion of Discharge
    WWW    -    World Weather Watch
    WX    -    Weather Message


    YAR    -    York Antwarp Rules


    ZST    -    Zone Standard Time
    ZT    -    Zone Time

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